|Period||Iron Age IIB|
|Date||ca. 800 - 720 BCE|
|Provenance||Beersheba, Israel, Stratum III, Locus 10808|
|Dimensions||14.54 cm (l) x 13.96cm (w) x 15.92cm (h)|
|Collection||Museum of Ancient Cultures|
|Source||Macquarie University, MAC|
MU163 is a wide-mouthed jug with a squat, globular body. The base of the vessel is an elliptical curve which continues into the vertical, convex sides of the body. The shoulder is a shallow curve, although a notable feature is the convex profile of the shoulder, and there is a similar curve at the top of the wide neck of the vessel. The handle is adjoined to the top of the rim and the middle of the shoulder with splayed joints, and bears a vertical rill. There is minimal evidence of an external and internal slip which would have been applied before the vessel was fired; the lack of evidence for construction techniques is largely due to the vessel’s poor state of preservation, with it being very fragmentary. On the handle of the vessel, there is a discernible thumb-print that was left by the potter, and given that this feature appears in many other vessels from Stratum III at Beersheba, it is highly likely that this inclusion was intentional. It is possible that the thumb-print was a mark of the potter’s or workshop’s craft, or was a mark of the owner of the vessel. The jug is characterised as a wide-necked jug, specifically class J-6. This object bears resemblance to jugs used in funerary rites during in the Iron Age II (late 7th Century to early 6th Century BCE) and may have been used for purification of the body before it was interred in a rock-hewn communal tomb. This vessel is significant because we are able to provide an exact provenance archaeologically.
- Stage 6 Preliminary
- Investigating Ancient History, The investigation of Ancient sites and sources
Stage 6 HSC Ancient Societies. Option C Society in Israel from Solomon to the fall of Samaria
- The economy, including; occupations, crafts and industry.
- Religion, death and burial, including; nature of conflicting religious beliefs and practices (ACHAH114).
- Cultural and everyday life, including; art and architecture; writing and literature.
Stage 6 HSC Historical Period. Option C The Ancient Levant - First Temple Period c.970-586 BC
- Israel and Judah in the Ancient Levant, including; Expansion of the population, trade and settlement in the region.
Historical Concepts and Skills; Analysis and use of sources
- Explain the meaning and value of sources for an historical inquiry (ACHAH007, ACHAH009)
- Analyse sources to identify and account for the different perspectives of individuals and groups in the past (ACHAH010)
- Analyse and synthesise evidence from different types of sources to develop reasoned claims (ACHAH008)
- Identify and analyse problems relating to sources in the investigation of the past (ACHAH011)
Historical Concepts and Skills; Historical interpretation
- Form judgements about historical significance
Historical Concepts and Skills; Historical investigation and research.
- Use evidence from a range of sources to inform investigation and research (ACHAH005)
- Stage 6 Preliminary
- Educational Resources
- Amiran, R. (1970) Ancient Pottery of the Holy Land, New Brunswick, NJ.
- Barkay, G. (1992) “The Iron Age II-III”, in A. Ben-Tor (ed.) The Archaeology of Ancient Israel, New Haven and London. pp.358-359.
- Ben-Shlomo, D. (April 2008) The Cemetery of Azor and Early Iron Age Burial Practices, Levant 40(1); pp.29-54, esp. p.31.
- Bull, L. and M.S. Dimand. (1935) "Antiquities from Palestine." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 30 (2), p. 44.
- Magrill, P. (2006) A Researcher's Guide to the Lachish Collection in the British Museum. The British Museum Research Publication 161. London; The British Museum, p. ix.