|Period||Iron Age II (First Temple Period)|
|Date||late 7th Century - early 6th Century BCE|
|Provenance||Beersheba, Israel. Stratum II|
|Dimensions||21.11 cm (w) x 21.04 cm (d) x 11.54 cm (h)|
|Collection||Museum of Ancient Cultures|
|Source||Macquarie University, MAC|
The artefact MU2688 is a small carinated bowl housed in the Macquarie University Museum of Ancient Cultures. The object originates from Stratum II in Beersheba, Israel. The bowl is intact apart from severe cracking along the body and rim of the vessel, random chipping on the body, as well as evidence of wear on the exterior. The state of preservation is poor, with significant fading of the internal and external surfaces. Surface treatment is evident in the non-reflective surface of the vessel, indicating that the outside was wet-smoothed. A slight red slip was also applied to the vessel before firing. The rim has been modelled, which is emphasised by the altered contour of the rim’s edge. The object has a flat base that is concave inside; this would have been formed through the process of trimming, where excess clay on the base of the vessel was cut away with a sharp tool. Further, the interior of the vessel shows evidence of rilling marks, indicating that the vessel was wheel-made. There is no evidence of decoration applied to the exterior of the object. This carinated bowl bears resemblance to bowls used for funerary gifts found in the Iron Age II (late 7th Century to early 6th Century BCE) that would have been interred in rock-hewn family burial caves.
- Syllabus Links Stage 6 Preliminary
- Investigating Ancient History, The investigation of Ancient sites and sources
Stage 6 HSC Ancient Societies. Option C Society in Israel from Solomon to the fall of Samaria
- Social structure and political organisation, including; roles of the bureaucracy, merchant class, workers, artisans (ACHAH106).
- Religion, death and burial, including; nature of conflicting religious beliefs and practices (ACHAH114).
- Cultural and everyday life, including; art and architecture; writing and literature.
Stage 6 HSC Historical Period. Option C The Ancient Levant - First Temple Period c.970-586 BC
- Israel and Judah in the Ancient Levant, including; Expansion of the population, trade and settlement in the region.
Historical Concepts and Skills; Analysis and use of sources
- Explain the meaning and value of sources for an historical inquiry (ACHAH007, ACHAH009)
- Analyse sources to identify and account for the different perspectives of individuals and groups in the past (ACHAH010)
- Analyse and synthesise evidence from different types of sources to develop reasoned claims (ACHAH008)
- Identify and analyse problems relating to sources in the investigation of the past (ACHAH011)
Historical Concepts and Skills; Historical interpretation
- Form judgements about historical significance
Historical Concepts and Skills; Historical investigation and research.
- Use evidence from a range of sources to inform investigation and research (ACHAH005)
- Syllabus Links Stage 6 Preliminary
- Online Resources
- Barkay, G. (1992) “The Iron Age II-III”, in A. Ben-Tor (ed.) The Archaeology of Ancient Israel, New Haven and London. pp.358-359.
- Ben-Shlomo, D. (April 2008) The Cemetery of Azor and Early Iron Age Burial Practices, Levant 40(1); pp.29-54, esp. p.31.
- Bull, L. and M.S. Dimand. (1935) ""Antiquities from Palestine."" Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 30 (2), p. 44.
- Magrill, P. (2006) A Researcher's Guide to the Lachish Collection in the British Museum. The British Museum Research Publication 161. London; The British Museum, p. ix.
Cite this pageMuseum of Ancient Cultures (2019). Carinated bowl, MU2688. //objectbasedlearning.com/Museum-of-Ancient-Cultures/MU2688 (accessed on: 10 December 2019).
Rights & PermissionsWe support the open release of data and information about our collections. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Israel Museum Jerusalem, IAA 1980-1054.
- Metropolitan Museum of Art New York, 34.126.55.: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/323165?sortBy=Relevance&where=Levant&ft=bowl&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=16
- Metropolitan Museum of Art New York, 34.126.59.
- Metropolitan Museum of Art New York, 34.126.56.: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/323166?sortBy=Relevance&where=Levant&ft=bowl&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=13
- Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania, 61-14-124.: https://www.penn.museum/collections/object/270464
- Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania, 61-14-108.: https://www.penn.museum/collections/object/211289
- Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania, 71-9-62. : https://www.penn.museum/collections/object/321725