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Collection: Museum of Ancient Cultures

Shabti

Accession # MU514
Creator
Culture Egyptian
Period Third Intermediate Period
Date 21 st Dynasty (c. 1069-945 B.C.E)
Provenance
Material/s Green glazed composition
Dimensions 13.5cm (h) x 4.7cm (w) x 3.2cm (d)
Collection Museum of Ancient Cultures
Source Macquarie University, MAC
Classification
Click here to inspect 3d item.
MU 514 is a small mummiform shabti. Although this shabti dates from the Third Intermediate Period (1069 – 945 B.C.E) shabtis were extremely
popular during the New Kingdom and later periods of Egyptian history. They are frequently attested in the archaeological record specifically within funerary contexts. MU 514 is light brown in colour although remnants of a green glaze can be observed on the right arm and back of the shabti. Black ink has been used to highlight a number of features including the eyes, nose, the seshed headband, the two hoes clasped in both hands and a bag which is strung over the shabti’s left shoulder. These features suggest that the shabti was intended to function as a substitute for the deceased in the afterlife, acting as one of many servants that were involved in agriculture and food production for the deceased. A vertical line of hieroglyphic text has also been inscribed onto the folded arms and torso of the shabti. Although this is partially preserved, it is still possible to decipher part of the text which reads The Osiris, [gods-father?] of Amun, Djed-Khonsu-iuef-ankh.
  • Syllabus Links
    • Stage 6 Preliminary
      • Investigating Ancient History, The investigation of Ancient sites and sources
      • Features of Ancient Societies, Death and Funerary Customs in Egypt
    • Stage 6 HSC Ancient Societies. Option A New Kingdom Egypt society to the death of Amenhotep III
      • Social structure and political organization, including; scribes, artisans and agricultural workers (ACHAH161)
    • The economy, including; occupations, crafts and industry; wood, stone and metal
    • Religion, death and burial, including; funerary customs, rituals and texts; afterlife concepts, mummification (ACHAH278)
    • Religion, death and burial, including; tombs – architecture and decoration; Thebes (ACHAH164)
    • Cultural and everyday life, including; art; sculpture, jewellery and wall paintings
  • Stage 6 HSC Ancient Societies. Option B New Kingdom Egypt society during the Ramesside Period
    • Social structure and political organization, including; scribes, artisans and agricultural workers (ACHAH106)
    • The economy, including; occupations, crafts and industry; wood, stone and metal (ACHAH112)
    • Religion, death and burial, including; funerary customs; afterlife concepts and mummification (ACHAH144)
    • Religion, death and burial, including; tombs – architecture and decoration; Thebes, Memphis, Deir el-Medina (ACHAH164)
    • Cultural and everyday life, including; art; sculpture, jewellery and wall paintings (ACHAH120, ACHAH121, ACHAH123)
  • Historical Concepts and Skills; Analysis and use of sources
    • Explain the meaning and value of sources for an historical inquiry (ACHAH007, ACHAH009)
    • Analyse sources to identify and account for the different perspectives of individuals and groups in the past (ACHAH010)
    • Analyse and synthesise evidence from different types of sources to develop reasoned claims (ACHAH008)
    • Identify and analyse problems relating to sources in the investigation of the past (ACHAH011)
  • Historical Concepts and Skills; Historical interpretation
    • Analyse the extent and nature of continuity and change over time (ACHAH001)
  • Historical Concepts and Skills; Historical investigation and research
    • Use evidence from a range of sources to inform investigation and research (ACHAH005)
  • Historical Concepts and Skills; Explanation and communication
    • Develop texts, particularly historical accounts and arguments, supported by relevant evidence from sources (ACHAH013)
  • Educational Resources
  • Online Resources
  • Bibliography/References
    • Mendoza, B., (2017), Artifacts from Ancient Egypt, Santa Barbara, CA.
    • Milde, H., (2012), “Shabits” in W. Wendrich (ed.), UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology, Los Angeles, pp.1-15.
    • Schneider, H. D., (1977), Shabtis; An Introduction to the History of Ancient Egyptian Funerary Statuettes with a Catalogue of the Collection of Shabtis in the National Museum of Antiquities at Leiden, Leiden.
    • Spanel, D.B., (2005), ‘Funerary Figurines’, in D.B. Redford (ed.), Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, Oxford
    • Stewart, H.M., (1995), Egyptian Shabtis, Buckinghamshire.
    • Taylor, J. H., (2001), Death and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt, Chicago.
    • Tristant & Ryan (eds.) (2017), Death is Only the Beginning, Oxford. cat.28, p.182-183.
  • Cite this page

    Museum of Ancient Cultures (2018). Shabti, MU514. https://objectbasedlearning.com//museum-of-ancient-cultures/MU514 (accessed on: 01 November 2018).

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